August Sander, Young Farmers  (1914)

August Sander is a German portrait photographer from the 20th century. His photographs demonstrate the use of formal conventions (photographing a figure from head to toe or just the torso and head) that allow the details of varied individuals to be compared and contrasted. How does the appearance of a young farmer differ from that of a baker? A secretary from a bricklayer? This allows different photographs to look like they are part of a series.

August Sander, Pastry Cook (1928)

August Sander, Secretary at West German Radio, Cologne (1931)

August Sander, Bricklayer (1928)